Psoriasis: how to prevent it, treatment to follow and what is the prognosis
If you already suffer from it or think you can suffer it, in this article we will show you if it can be prevented, which specialist to go to, how to treat it and what is the prognosis you can expect.
How to prevent psoriasis
We regret to tell you that psoriasis cannot be prevented. However, you can reduce the likelihood of it appearing by keeping your skin moist and clean. It is also recommended that you eat a balanced diet, regulate your daily stress and that the skin receives a minimum of Sun.
Which doctor do I have to go to if I suffer from psoriasis
If you already suffer from this condition and are seeking treatment, it is best to go to the dermatologist, who is responsible for diagnosing you and prescribing the treatment that suits you best.
For this, the doctor will ask you for your medical history. Then he will examine your skin, hair, and nails to take a sample and examine it under a microscope. This will be done to really determine if you suffer from psoriasis or other conditions.
Treatment for psoriasis
The objective of psoriasis treatment is to stop the exacerbated growth of the skin and eliminate the scales, for this you may have to try different options that include specialcreams to treat psoriasis, phototherapy, oral medications or injections. Everything will depend on the severity of your condition and how I acted against the different medications.
Vitamin D analogs: Synthetic forms of vitamin D slow the growth of skin cells. This type of medication can be used alone or with topical corticosteroids.
Corticosteroids: these are the most frequently prescribed medications to treat mild or moderate psoriasis, which is why it is available in various formats such as ointments, creams, lotions, gels, foams, and shampoos. Corticosteroids are usually applied once a day during flare-ups or on alternate weekends to maintain remission.
Creams containing CBD: these are special ointments without side effects that reduce irritation and soothe the skin. As their toxicity is very low, they can be used at the same time as other medications are being taken.
Salicylic acid: shampoos that include salicylic acid are perfect for reducing flaking on the scalp. In addition, it has the ability to enter the skin more easily than other treatments in this area.
Anthralin: it is a cream that is used to slow the growth of skin cells. However, it is capable of irritating it, cannot be used on the face or genitals and stains everything it touches.
As mentioned, a short exposure of the skin to light can help treat psoriasis, which is why many doctors prescribe:
Sunlight: Brief daily exposures have been shown to improve psoriasis. Anyway, ask your doctor before starting this measure.
Broadband UBV: Extended psoriasis and psoriasis that does not improve with topical treatments is a great candidate for this type of treatment, in which UBV light that comes from artificial light is administered. If this treatment is applied, it is necessary to keep the skin hydrated so as not to suffer from dry, itchy and red skin.
UBV Narrowband: It is more efficient than broadband UBV and does not need as much administration. However, it can cause moderate and severe burns.
Oral and injectable medications
It is prescribed for moderate and severe psoriasis or when other treatments have not worked. Due to side effects, it is usually administered for a very short period of time.
Steroids: If you have psoriasis patches resistant to other drugs, your specialist may administer this treatment directly to the affected skin
Retinoids: These are pills used to slow the growth of skin cells. Side effects include dry skin and muscle pain. Also, they are not recommended if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Biological drugs: usually administered intravenously, alter the functioning of the immune system and stop the disease. However, it must be taken with care as it can inhibit the defenses and leave the patient exposed to other conditions.
Cyclosporine: especially indicated for severe psoriasis. It is an oral medicine that decreases the functions of the immune system. Contraindications are that it cannot be taken more than a year and the person must have constant control of their kidney function and blood pressure.
Prognosis of psoriasis
It is a fairly unpredictable and chronic disease that evolves with outbreaks of varying intensity. Fortunately, most psoriasis conditions are mild, with few lesions, and do not affect quality of life.